As the representative institution of the people
The assembly is comprised of elected local officials and they consider and decide each local community’s intention as the representative institution of the people. It would be ideal, obviously, to have the whole electorate present and vote on such issues, however presently this is unworkable. At present, local assemblies, as well as the central government, employ the representative democratic system, whereby the representatives of the electorate constitute an assembly, and play an essential role in autonomous governing.
As the decision-making institution
Assembly has the right to deliberate and vote on various issues regarding local community’s budget, policy/project/legislation and other miscellaneous issues involved in the structure and operation of the local community as the decision-making institution. As the assembly holds the authority to finalize the decision on the local community’s issues, it is rather different from an advisory institution, which merely offers views on such matters. It also differs from the enforcement agencies as it can only deliberate and decide on a bill, but can not enforce the decision.
As a legislative institution
The assembly holds a status as a legislative institution since it possesses the authority to enact regulations, the most fundamental of the autonomous legislations. Just as the central government’s National assembly possesses the enactment rights to legislations and the president has the right to issue a mandate, the local assembly has the power to enact regulations and the head of the assembly holds the right to enact rules.
With this and the fact that the local community’s law-making and enforcement powers are separate in mind, the assembly’s main role is that of a legislative institution.
As the supervisory institution
As the supervisory institution, the assembly possesses the power to inspect, supervise and verify whether the enforcement agencies are conducting their administrative duties properly. Article 36 of the current autonomy law states; ‘An assembly can inspect the operation of its local community and inquire about a particular transaction of interest in that operation. Should the audit or inquiry require, they can carry out the site inspection, put in a request for the release of related documentation from the local community, ask for the presence of the head of the local community or request the sub agency’s testimony or opinion in person’, giving the assembly the power to regulate the enforcement agencies through supervision and inspection. This is the reason why the organization of the assembly is at the core of autonomous system. Should the autonomous governing system be subjected to the enforcement agencies’ unsupervised complacency and dominance, the whole system is no longer autonomous. Therefore, the main responsibility of a typical people representing assembly is to regulate such administrative institutions, upholding the policy of independence in institutions while striking the right balance among different institutions and their regulation of each other.